Two recent papers have attracted a lot of media attention because they draw direct links between adult neurogenesis and behavioral disorders: Noonan et al. showed that rats lacking adult neurogenesis (stopped with irradiation) are more susceptible to cocaine addiction. Jin et al. showed that mice lacking adult neurogenesis (using a transgenic model) suffer greater infarct size and have more severe motor deficits after stroke.
While the papers themselves have important implications, what caught my attention was the angle taken by press releases: both articles studied the effects of reducing neurogenesis but the media focused on potential benefits of increasing neurogenesis. See speculation that antidepressants, by increasing neurogenesis, might be stroke-protective here. And, from Science Daily:
While the research specifically focused on what happens when neurogenesis is blocked, the scientists said the results suggest that increasing adult neurogenesis might be a potential way to combat drug addiction and relapse.
It may very well be the case that increasing neurogenesis is good in the same way decreasing neurogenesis is bad but it shouldn’t be assumed – maybe we have all the neurogenesis we need and, while completely arresting neurogenesis could be harmful, increasing neurogenesis beyond normal levels is just redundant. Continue reading Increased neurogenesis is not (necessarily) the opposite of reduced neurogenesis